Venice city, the capital of the Veneto region, is nestled on more than 100 small islands within a lagoon in the Adriatic Sea.
The historic center is a tightly integrated set of 117 small islands linked together by over 410 bridges. Every time you cross a bridge, you leave one island to enter another.
The entire city center covers only around 725 acres, which is a little more than double the size of New York’s Central Park or London’s Hampstead Heath, but is a concentrate of art that is unmatched anywhere in the world.
Other important islands near the historic center are Giudecca, separated from the his
toric center by the Giudecca Canal which is also used by cruise ships, San Michele, the island where the cemetery of Venice is located, and the island of Murano glass.
To the right to the east of the historic center is the Lido di Venezia, a long and narrow strip of sand that separates the lagoon surrounding Venice from the Adriatic Sea.
Cruise ships and ferries enter and leave the lagoon through Bocca di Porto del Lido, which separates the island of Lido from the other Venetian beach of Punta Sabbioni, an area renowned for splendid campsites that were besieged by European fashion guests during the summertime.
THE RIALTO BRIDGE
The Rialto Bridge is the oldest bridge that was built to cross the Grand Canal.
The Rialto Bridge, which with a wide arch of 28 meters, 22 meters wide and 7.5 meters high above the mean tide line, spans the Grand Canal, is and remains the king of all Venetian bridges.
This bridge summarizes in its ancient name all the glorious history of commercial and seafaring Venice life: a majestic giant that, like a triumphal arch thrown over the Canalazzo, has always dominated all the Venetian popular festivals and still dominates today particularly in the Historical Regatta, in which he witnesses, a mute witness, the passage of the picturesque procession of the Bissone, of the gondolas dressed up for a party, of the flowered boats and of the fast Gondolini competing to get to the flag, just as in the past centuries it covered itself with damask drapes to greet the dazzling Bucintoro of gold and silver.
ST. MARK’S SQUARE
St. Mark’s Square is the only city space that takes the name of “Piazza”, all other places with a similar conformation are called “fields”. In the square, one of the most important in Italy and in the world, all the important events for civic life were and are hosted; for this reason, it is known as the “Living room of Venice”.
Since the construction of the Basilica of San Marco, which took place in 828, which forms the background, the square has been enlarged through the burial of the Batario Canal, which divided the current space of the square in half. On that occasion, the tree-lined garden of the Sisters of San Zaccaria became an integral part of the space used for street demonstrations in the nascent Venetian Republic.
Words by: https://venicewiki.org/wiki/Home
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